4th grade Social Studies vocabulary words

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Atlas/Geography Terms

  1. basin
  2. bay
  3. bluff
  4. canyon
  5. cape
  6. channel
  7. cliff
  8. coast
  9. coastal plain
  10. delta
  11. desert
  12. dune
  13. fall line
  14. floodplain
  15. foothills
  16. glacier
  17. gulf
  18. harbor
  19. hill
  20. inlet
  21. island
  22. isthmus
  23. lake
  24. marsh
  25. mesa
  26. mountain 
  27. mountain pass
  28. mouth of river
  29. oasis
  30. ocean
  31. peak
  32. peninsula
  33. plain
  34. plateau
  35. reef
  36. river
  37. riverbank
  38. sea
  39. sea level
  40. slope
  41. source of river
  42. strait
  43. swamp
  44. timberline
  45. tributary
  46. valley
  47. volcano
  48. waterfall

Introduction

  1. citizen
  2. landform
  3. environment
  4. event
  5. geography
  6. geographers
  7. physical features
  8. natural resource
  9. climate
  10. human features
  11. region
  12. sphere
  13. equator
  14. hemisphere
  15. prime meridian
  16. continent
  17. map title
  18. boundary
  19. map key.
  20. symbol
  21. compass rose
  22. cardinal directions
  23. intermediate directions
  24. locator
  25. map scale
  26. inset map
  27. grid
  28. history
  29. historian
  30. time line
  31. point of view
  32. economy
  33. economics
  34. culture

                                                       

Unit 1

Chapter 1

Lesson1

  1. coastal plain
  2. peninsula
  3. plateau
  4. basin
  5. canyon
  6. mountain range
  7. fertile

Lesson 2

  1. groundwater
  2. source
  3. channel
  4. mouth
  5. tributary
  6. river system.
  7. drainage basin
  8. erosion
  9. floodplain
  10. delta
  11. levee
  12. dam
  13. elevation
  14. sea level.
  15. relief
  16. downstream
  17. upstream

Lesson 3

  1. precipitation
  2. axis
  3. rotation
  4. revolution
  5. humidity

Lesson 4

  1. product
  2. mineral
  3. fuel
  4. human resources
  5. manufacturing
  6. service
  7. economy
  8. land use

Lesson 5

  1. adapt
  2. conservation
  3. recycle
  4. pollution

                                                       

Chapter 2

Lesson 1

  1. custom
  2. immigrant
  3. ancestor
  4. isthmus
  5. wealth
  6. religion
  7. slavery
  8. poverty
  9. ethnic group
  10. culture
  11. consequence

Lesson 2

  1. refugee:
  2. tuberculosis

Lesson 3

  1. independence
  2. government
  3. democracy
  4. representative democracy
  5. majority rule
  6. right
  7. responsibility
  8. heritage
  9. monument

Lesson 4

  1. federal
  2. tax
  3. revolution
  4. Declaration of Independence
  5. Constitution
  6. legislative branch
  7. Congress
  8. executive branch
  9. judicial branch
  10. Supreme Court

                                                       

Chapter 3

Lesson 1

  1. relative location
  2. county
  3. county seat
  4. absolute location
  5. lines of latitude
  6. parallels
  7. Tropic of Cancer
  8. Arctic Circle
  9. Tropic of Capricorn
  10. Antarctic Circle
  11. lines of longitude
  12. meridians

Lesson 2

  1. natural vegetation
  2. broadleaf tree
  3. needleleaf tree
  4. recreation
  5. agriculture
  6. industry
  7. urban
  8. suburb
  9. suburban
  10. rural

Lesson 3

  1. technology
  2. transportation
  3. trade
  4. specialize
  5. interdependence
  6. communication

                                                         

Unit 2

Chapter 4

Lesson 1

  1. cape
  2. harbor
  3. colony
  4. colonists
  5. port
  6. raw material
  7. import
  8. export
  9. international trade
  10. cutaway diagram

Lesson 2

  1. population
  2. urban growth
  3. prejudice
  4. central business district
  5. urban sprawl
  6. metropolitan area
  7. megalopolis
  8. population density

Lesson 3

  1. unemployment

                                                       

Chapter 5

Lesson 1

  1. glacier
  2. quarry
  3. tradition
  4. fact
  5. opinion

Lesson 2

  1. buoys

Lesson 3

  1. produce
  2. truck farms
  3. agricultural economy
  4. industrial economy
  5. finished product
  6. competition
  7. line graph

Lesson 4

  1. navigable river
  2. rapid
  3. canal
  4. lock

                                                       

Unit 3

Chapter 6

Lesson 1

  1. generation
  2. marsh
  3. plantation
  4. growing season
  5. swamp

Lesson 2

  1. food processing
  2. textiles
  3. pulp
  4. renewable resource
  5. Sun Belt
  6. tourist
  7. tourism
  8. cause
  9. effect

Lesson 3

  1. inlet
  2. bayou
  3. petroleum
  4. crude oil
  5. nonrenewable resource 
  6. refinery:  
  7. petrochemical
  8. hurricane
  9. cross section
  10. cross-section diagram

Lesson 4

  1. barrier islands
  2. mainland
  3. legend
  4. strait
  5. coral
  6. reef
  7. tropics
  8. territory
  9. commonwealth

                                                           

Chapter 7

Lesson 1

  1. fall line
  2. pass
  3. waterpower
  4. reservoir
  5. hydroelectric power

Lesson 2

  1. state legislature
  2. governor

Lesson 3

  1. Appalachia

Lesson 4

  1. reclaim
  2. ore

                                                       

Unit 4

  1. silos
  2. livestock
  3. elevators
  4. stockyards.

Chapter 8

Lesson 1

  1. prairie
  2. drought
  3. blizzard
  4. hailstorm
  5. tornado
  6. pictograph

Lesson 2

  1. sod
  2. self-sufficient
  3. fertilizer
  4. urbanization
  5. sequence

Lesson 3

  1. entrepreneur
  2. free enterprise
  3. demand
  4. supply
  5. meat packing
  6. route
  7. interstate highway
  8. toll road

Lesson 4

  1. gauchos
  2. estancias

                                                       

Chapter 9

Lesson 1

  1. capital resources
  2. factors of production
  3. mass production
  4. assembly line

Lesson 2

  1. shaman
  2. migration
  3. flatboat
  4. barge

Lesson 3

  1. irrigation
  2. paddies
  3. rain forest
  4. classify

Lesson 4

  1. manioc
  2. turrets
  3. acai
  4. tucupi

                                                       

Unit 5

  1. turquoise
  2. captors

Chapter 10

Lesson 1

  1. mesa
  2. rain shadow

Lesson 2

  1. adobe
  2. mission
  3. society
  4. reservation
  5. century
  6. decade

Lesson 3

  1. dredge
  2. aerospace
  3. primary source
  4. secondary source

Lesson 4

  1. arid
  2. conflict
  3. compromise
  4. runoff

                                                       

Chapter 11

Lesson 1

  1. nomad
  2. cloudburst
  3. arroyo
  4. aqueduct
  5. migrant worker

Lesson 2

  1. furrows
  2. mesquite
  3. coatis
  4. drudgery

Lesson 3

  1. city manager
  2. budget
  3. municipal court
  4. general election
  5. candidates
  6. ballot
  7. campaign
  8. time zone.

Lesson 4

  1. sand dunes
  2. oasis

                                                                        

Unit 6

Chapter 12

Lesson 1

  1. lava
  2. volcano
  3. slope
  4. Continental Divide
  5. timberline

Lesson 2

  1. barrier
  2. transcontinental railroad
  3. labor
  4. satellite
  5. mileage table

Lesson 3

  1. boomtown
  2. trade-off
  3. opportunity cost
  4. public land
  5. geyser
  6. conclusion
  7. prediction

Lesson 4

  1. terrace
  2. bartering

                                                       

Chapter 13

Lesson 1

  1. fjord

  2. earthquake

  3. hunters and gathers

  4. aluminum

  5. ecosystem

  6. generalization

Lesson 2

  1. cache

  2. smokehouse

  3. midnight sun

Lesson 3

  1. tundra

  2. oil slick

  3. volunteer

  4. wetlands

  5. wildlife refuge

Lesson 4

  1. interest